He named this New Amsterdam, and the Dutch holdings in the area were collectively called New Netherlands.New Amsterdam was granted self government by the Dutch in 1652.1619 30.7.1619 Virginia established the first legislative assembly in America. On 6.9.1620, the Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, England, with 102 men and women from a calvinist separatist community seeking a place in the new world to practice their religion.

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By 1636 the General Court gave power over the church to the magistrates and, later, control as to who preached what and where.

1634 27.3.1634 The Werowance (chief) of the Yoacomoco Indians having agreed to sell a village to Leonard Calvert in exchange for gifts, trading guarantees and protection from their enemies, the Susquehannock and is against-law.

Ann Hutchinson did not hold that the redeemed are above the law.

She did hold that her own certainty of salvation was sufficient and that it was not subject to testing by the Massachusetts' Ministry.

The church in New England appears to have been aware of the disruption that Quakers and Ranters had caused in England, and prepared to repel them if they arrived.

"The Theocracy, that is, God's government, is to be established as the best form of government.

The spirit of God speaking directly to her soul was her authority and she questioned the suitability of all but two of the Ministers.

Given that the Ministers decided who was entitled to vote by virtue of being truly saved and one of the elect, Ann's religious views were politically disruptive. This spirit was contrary to the New England theocracy where the church had responsibility for monitoring the beliefs and behaviour of the people.

It was captured by the English in 1664, given to the king's brother (the Duke of York), and renamed New York.